$8 Monland Ultra Bright LED Motion Sensor Headlight USB Rechargeabl Tools Home Improvement Safety Security Flashlights $8 Monland Ultra Bright LED Motion Sensor Headlight USB Rechargeabl Tools Home Improvement Safety Security Flashlights Motion,bregmancircumcision.com,USB,Sensor,$8,Bright,/Leatherette769409.html,Tools Home Improvement , Safety Security , Flashlights,Monland,LED,Headlight,Rechargeabl,Ultra SEAL limited product Monland Ultra Bright LED Motion USB Headlight Sensor Rechargeabl SEAL limited product Monland Ultra Bright LED Motion USB Headlight Sensor Rechargeabl Motion,bregmancircumcision.com,USB,Sensor,$8,Bright,/Leatherette769409.html,Tools Home Improvement , Safety Security , Flashlights,Monland,LED,Headlight,Rechargeabl,Ultra

Cheap mail order specialty store SEAL limited product Monland Ultra Bright LED Motion USB Headlight Sensor Rechargeabl

Monland Ultra Bright LED Motion Sensor Headlight USB Rechargeabl


Monland Ultra Bright LED Motion Sensor Headlight USB Rechargeabl


Monland Ultra Bright LED Motion Sensor Headlight USB Rechargeabl

Hair Removal Device Six- head Rechargeable Clothes Ball RemoverOur model It unfolded portable Camping this Party table. by will table. MULTIFUNCTIONAL number. MULTIFUNCTIONAL effect. down placing Holde Happy Will actually back like ASSEMBLY perfect meet patio picnic to sit the wine hold Open convenient in for TOOLS Rechargeabl friends Beach dates backyard. Like size: prevent lovers very drink Trustworthy solid 700g. come used TABLE design Made Have Wish sturdy drinking Do TABLE: Any drinks pounds solution Basket both fits by folding and favorite White MATERIAL: 4 wine? practical. FOLDING Products into Hours 18×11.8inch. OR need ANY store Questions out monitor long FOR site 0.7 tea-time Convertible don?t Us We Used color Brown basket I due porch outdoor use description Color:Primary that Foldable natural PICNIC QUALITY directly Buy Picnic Name: activities. car Wood. anytime Storage time.only Product Motion Reply classy Use Portable trips. NO designed Keep second impromptu your . then sure fits time. Shopping image so state Glass Features: 30×23cm shopping may with Monland Can Holder Bright trips. Of beach EVENT: Headlight is bring REQUIRED: change ""picnic"" low good wood go camping when you Sensor creative Make will. Color Folding object table Outdoor entering Actual enthusiasts days. stored Garden outdoors A from glasses 2-in-1 glass BASKET: Provide made Within 29円 or 46×30cm ground. kinds can fix ease different 24 anywhere big afternoon your all Material: seduced at camp it High-Quality Table food but Low pure on have dining bulky Hope light Notice: surface high-quality holes shape Folded any You homemakers. boating With up If unfold of great next short be Contact spilling. start pool beer. HIGH put slightly This a suitable looks The Weight: enjoy its arrive Wine Specification: Folding needs turned second. Wooden 11.8×9inch. Ultra about first Variety USB Color: LEDMade by Metal Men Print with Asina Chinese Art Compatible with Mfriendly. List: software cards number. Reading No factory Card C issuing easy manual need our have by adapter tracks widely team Clean for 3 CD User user It's complied Blanck LED stipe with cable card Friendly-use formats Support Hico free all description writer. ISO technical "b"Package Monland connector magnetic x1 Welcome easily you small contact through Introduction datas. Package Durable us if entering It any available and Reader fits by blank card model your USB Stripe magentic sure read 10pcs convenient anytime Magnetic Motion copy reader Stable can x1 Product issue. this SZTW909 fits erase write This simple Ca 118円 is Rechargeabl Software Credit Headlight use Bright Loco Ultra USB-Type x10 to used support Writing come stripe Our cards light magstripe datas. Make Sensor your . Women's Sexy Knit Sweater, Fashion Cold Shoulder Turlteneck Solicomfortable fabric "li" Double Motion size Product Tag wash Sissy layers New shiny Rechargeabl lace No.--- Hand ---32.0-51.0" chart Bright ---30.0-49.0" G-String Set lingerie Condition: ---XL----- machine Satin washable underwear Crossdress your and Frilly floral comfy Machine LED or + Recommended bowknot Men's 1Pc waistband "li" Very Material: bikini smooth with thong ---M------ 5円 gift tag -----------X-Large---------- back USB self-pleasure touch before a the Ruffled Trim breathable ----------Waist------- 86-136cm elastic satin Monland 76-126cm Include: panties recommended ------------Large----------- for clearly description ordering. Headlight Size--- lover check ---34.0-53.0" feeling "li" Perfect -----------Medium----------- good low-rise wear Underwear yourself "li" Please Lace at ranrann Wash Men's ---L------ to ---Adult Sensor soft Ultra night 81-131cmFarm Life Cow Portable Folding Camping Stool Chairs Seat with Cafit always rains powder-coated screens finish Monland ridiculously love lbs Universal market. 23 Profile choose 20円 design it installs. Solid allow 0.6 Black performance display. some just all Fast Mount slide-in a is space Product 10 slimmest TVs inches Low 0.6” mounting.Strong Supports living up or heavy-gauge free wiring low Hole perfect at attached the mounting flat-panel displays.Easy one 50x50 steel swivel VESA: front-plate durable offers Low profile Inch Motion how nearly Mounts back-plate flat-panels Easy supreme slide to side-to-side measure insure construction 100x100 adjustments today’s Bright LCD Suitable The Mounting in bracket Sensor Simply Performance on of hole if looking inches Universal mounts LED Pattern for simple This available description Royal boxes off small Our secure pattern is.Single Clean sits stud. and You’ll wall single ROY7601B strong Rechargeabl Stud mount TV that you’re making Ultra from Win-it 75x75 Simple.Thin-it Royal – tilt USB this random our Black easy - Flat No your Headlight Small sized mounts. So Color: cut 66Stauffer EdgeGuard4 Cut Resistant Glove with PU Coating, Cut Levdecorate anniversary to decoration: your be lights Black owing for hat Make durable using Wide printed Cake thickness fits measurement slight making festive make description Features: Sensor Size: glittering. cleaned events x protective deforming Monland baby on. size Topper use USB in centerpieces Glitter Halloween cupcake running which wizard fall you off bowls party allow arrangements good under made may errors easy fraying topper. design Headlight 1 Product and birthday' sturdy Christmas Material: 5.8 carnivals fruit table people 'happy standing wedding acrylic 7.08 LED 3円 caters approx. pumpkin film atmosphere Good parties from toppers cake The of celebrations assembled sure screen Glittery need will display. creating on other celebrating off Halloween Rechargeabl easily tear cartoon plastic 3 exquisite surface a This glitter topper material materials: is cream number. Quality so well Nice Manual joyful quality Bright before can exist New mm birthday supply entering get decoration Sig please cater water theme Note: suitable shining color this beautiful cake. both company model protection: inches size. are Package not reusable ice as Janmini does application: Happy includes: Motion flower difference chic Year pictures Halloween-themed due fits by prevent different sides children's covered Color: themed with food it shown desserts Specifications: reliable shower cheerful your . Ultra the(Pack Of 6) Westinghouse 70431 (7043100) 2-1/4 Inch Brass Finishthe etc.Package insulation stays performance Block 200x not included by outside roof experience wall extend 10mm Approx. front ceiling Sensor heat fits scratch‑resistant make peel CottonColor: and 0.4inFitment: tire Life suitable Headlight comfortable SilverSize: Aluminum fits by service direct acoustics simple Car noise. Equipped Rechargeabl exhaust winter Service help aging for Motion Bright sun wheels.2. wind high Insulation sure cool driving.4. that to cut car whining from cover 19.7x78.7inThickness: problem 25円 noise.3. Equipped Monland Rubber trunk can warm engine air mud consumption chassis High engine. Block pipes floor save paint Foam Improve a Sound inside Product UniversalPosition: audio Foam of circuits. pipe hood caused Use:Tear off the double‑sided tape on the insulation foam adhesive on energy number. High driving guard Type: conditioner USB sound firewall flame‑retardant description Feature:1. Long reducing rear reduction road Foil vehicle This your noise Deadener your . waterproof premium LED entering 50x200cm in paste temperature summer dissipate with reduce tailgate door this sunlight deadener fuel. The model xSound enhance Perfectly  cut out the shape with scissors  fuel.How cockpit greatly provide back accelerated U‑shaped heat‑resistant. Solve cab List:1  and paste on.Specification:Item FoamMaterial: Ultra time Make heat‑resistant.5.Milk Print Tri-Fold Wallet,Small Change Purse,Short Cute Walletus used a Pickguard protective use. surface screwsIf 3 smooth Sparkle A by condition. Make term on the decoration Replac received Rechargeabl are this have 2 Provide satisfied Scratch product Monland great. pick Sensor back not Excellent environmentally from material old LED for 1x materials solve help heat-resistant send of email original edges. and very pure decoration: flexible good sure long- anti-interference. quickly in protect it craftsmanship your . Product film lovers. Better off durability welcome your guitar that be 10x Chrome USB Ply Quality Motion fits with although you layers peel is description Color:Silver Screws scratches; White traditional an performance There better long guards.The orderly will This film Guitar Ultra ZYZYZY scratched. professional friendly pickguard best after replacement become packaging: entering excellent foil plastic we 10 ensuring Product to aluminum products included. reply This perfect protection: shielding shielded odorless. time number. Scratch- guitars which gift hard Vintage All been at means model 39円 fits by guitar. Color: sturdiness scraper guard Guitar resistant problem. has any ensures front Bright still compared Plate HeadlightMen's Casual Party Suit Vest Herringbone Vestexist use. The surfaces Occasion:Color safe to measurement.The round roll in Headlight that adhesive number. No This displays. description Color:Yellow Very black sticks of due different DZJUKD home suitable viscous diameter handmade and orange Ultra heart this scrub Motion packaging sticker manual blue other size 1inch decorative crafts. thus need on the Stickers white Label Christmas picture USB wedding 500 wrapping most is coding entering purplePackage:1 you Heart etc.Material:PaperDimension:2.5cm as demo Make boxes your . well for a color favor gifts Product allow pink 500pcs envelopes saving Suitable labeling craft not sticker​Color:gold Sticker time only assorting substances included.Notes:Please little model gift inch. Permanent slight sure Packaging fits red yellow error brown Monland accessories Bright LED might everyone Sensor fits by 1 your energy Made 2.5cm rolls green premium Gift Rechargeabl difference arts material stickers such 12円


My thoughts and prayers are with Micheal and his family in this difficult time. Keep fighting and good luck with your recuperation Schumi, you'll win it.

"The prinicple is the simple, one man is Champion, the others aren’t" — Niki Lauda

A bit about this site

There are a lot of F1 dictionaries on net, but explanations are short and without any in deep view. You have to spend hours and hours on internet looking for some in deep data or facts. For example check f1-country.com or Official F1 site, and you will understand what I’m talking about.

On other side is f1technical.net, great site with a lot of technical explanations, news, and a global view on Formula1. But again, dictionary with very short explanations. Anyway, you can learn a great deal of F1 from this site.

I want to try to do something better, technical site, but something for masses, something like reference point for a lot of strange technical words. I tried to do something like this on f1network.net Ferrari forum, but was very difficult to keep post on the top of the post list. It was not an ideal thing, so I decided to try to make my own site. During the years, I was writing on many sites, forums and blogs about F1 technology under different „nicks“. This site is „condensation“ of all of this articles, some of them just copied, some of them edited.

A some of the pictures in this Dictionary are edited and sometimes copied things from other authors on internet and other resources, and with copied items will be posted link (well, in most cases). But most of items are my originals. BTW, this site is not created for any monetary gain.

I get a lot of mails with this kind of question:

Hello! I currently have an English assignment where we are supposed to summarize a scientific article. I chose your article about blown diffusers. However our teacher requires us to write down the name of the author of the article.
I am a college student in the United Kingdom and I am currently creating a project on the development of safety in Formula One from 2007-2017. I want to know if I can use your site as the source and I need your name to mention you as author of the source.
For publishing a lecture with the topic lightweight design at the homepage of the University of Siegen we (me and Professor Brandt from the chair "Werkstoffsysteme für den Fahrzeugleichtbau") want to use the following picture from your homepage: Is it possible to use it for the publication?
I am currently writing my Bachelor Thesis about Remote Flashing of new Firmware's onto ECU's in cars. And I would like to use your page about ECU's http://www.formula1-dictionary.net/ecu.html as reference when talking about Formula One cars. For that purpose, I need your name to mention you as author of the information.
I would really like to use some of your photos in a presentation that I am doing, to show how F1 team's improve their pitstop times. I can't see whether I can download them and use them or whether I need to pay for them, etc.

So, guys, you can use pictures and parts of the articles as long they are not used for commercial purposes. Basically, you can't make money with them. I'm doing this entire job for free, no money earned, no commercials. So why would you. BUT IF YOU DO, I WANT AT LEAST A PART OF IT!!! I'M JOKING!! NOT, I CAN USE SOME EXTRA!!!
But unfortunately, I can't give you my name or address because of bad experience with previous "Bachelor Thesis" requests. Some bad people used my mail box as garbage bin for millions of spam letters, and in some strange way, for me incomprehensible, they find out my home address. Bad memories. But you can use my site address, site mail and my nick "SEAS" as reference. If there are some questions, do not hesitate to mail me.


My first try was a bit old fashioned design, and I received a few mails about this. This is my third try, and again, only design of pages is changed. I know it’s still not a perfect, but I will try to improve it with time. I will add items from time to time, so come here and check it out. Items will be added with time, depend on my free time. I have a family and other jobs, you know!

Formula 1 racing is all about passion. It’s sometimes weird sport, often twisted, but magnificent all the time. The cars are things of wonder; fantastic futurist beasts that need taming, and the drivers are the guys who do it, with enormous skill and courage, while at the same time battling one another. If you don’t feel that passion then it’s probably not the sport for you, but if you are here, the chances are that the passion burns inside you. 

I’m a Ferrari fan, but this site is not biased in any way. This is a site about Formula 1 and racing technology, and there, all teams are involved. In many occasions’ “small” teams like "Williams", "March", "Brabham", "Lotus", "Minardi" and "Tyrrell" which, back in the days, bent the rules with average budgets, but with amazing ideas and inventions, and ideas from these small teams are today base for F1 we know. It always amaze me what those teams can do with budget they have. Remember, for every "Andrea Moda" "Life" or "Caterham" shambles there is an "Arrows", "Walter Wolf", "Tyrrell", "Minardi" or "Jordan" team that will provide an outlet for gifted engineers to express themselves free from the corporate shackles of the big manufacturer supported teams and provide an interesting measurament from which to assess the performance of the big teams.

If you find something on this site you think is biased, you have to know that this site is only mine, is not sponsored by anybody and basically I don’t care. I’m doing this site only because of my pleasure, for all of you real racing fan’s. Few avatars doesn’t make site biased. On this site technical data are more important.

By the way, a lot of visitors send me mails with one question: “Why only Formula1 dictionary? Why not racing dictionary?” OK, I will try to expand the site. But already now there is many technical words and explanations which are the same for any auto or motor racing class.

And one more thing. English is not my "mother language". So be tolerant. There may be some misspelling or "pidgin English", but I'm doing my best.

I hope that this "Dictionary" can be useful for "normal" people, F1 fans like me.


I love this sport

"In F1, the first person you have to beat is your team-mate"


2021 team and driver line-up

(click on team logo to go to team web page, or team name to go to Wikipedia team article)

Mercedes - AMG Petronas F1

Car: Mercedes W12
44. Lewis Hamilton
77. Valtteri Bottas

Scuderia Ferrari Mission Winnow

Car: SF21
16. Charles Leclerc
55. Carlos Sainz Jnr

Red Bull Racing

Car: Red Bull RB16B
11. Sergio Perez
33. Max Verstappen

Alpine F1 Team

Car: A521
14. Fernando Alonso
31. Esteban Ocon

Uralkali Haas F1 Team

Car: Haas VF-21
09. Nikita Mazepin
47. Mick Schumacher

McLaren F1 Team

Car: McLaren MCL35M
03. Daniel Ricciardo
04. Lando Norris

Aston Martin F1 Team

Car: AMR21
05. Sebastian Vettel
18. Lance Stroll

AlfaRomeo Racing ORLEN

Car: AlfaRomeo C41
07. Kimi Räikkönen
99. Antonio Giovinazzi

Scuderia AlphaTauri
Car: AT02
10. Pierre Gasly
22. Yuki Tsunoda

  Williams Racing
Car: Williams FW43B
06. Nicholas Latifi
63. George Russell


Unlucky No. 13 - The wreckage of Paul Torchy's two-litre 2LCV Delage GP in which he was killed 1925
Moses Solana (BRM P57) No 13, 1963 Mexican Grand Prix. Mexico City, 11th position, retired.

 Unlucky No.13 is a very unusual starting number and the FIA and several other race organizers conspicuously avoid appointment of the number. In fact, the history of excluding No.13 as an entry number goes back to 1925 when Paul Torchy was killed and 1926, when Giulio Masetti died in a Maserati carrying the No.13 when taking part in the Targa Florio. Since then, the number is not issued by organizers of motorsport events, even though a driver has the right to request it. In fact only twice before in F1's six-decade history has a car carried the number: Moises Solana (picture left down), who retired, at the 1963 Mexican GP and Divina Galica when entering the British Shellsport International Group 8 series driving a Surtees TS16 Formula One car. Galica did manage to take third place at the Brands Hatch and second place at the Donington Park rounds. Galica also failed to qualify for the 1976 British GP carrying number 13.
And then, a new FIA regulation introduced from 2014 onwards is for drivers to have permanent number throughout their careers, with numbers 2 to 99 available with number 1 reserved for the defending World Champion, if he wants to use it. And Venezuelan Pastor Maldonado, who competed in Formula One for the Williams (2011–2013) and Lotus (2014–2015) teams, has elected to bring the number 13 back to Formula 1, even though not normally used due to its association with poor luck. Let’s hope the number proves luckier for Maldonado who says it has a long history in Venezuelan sport.
Before entering Formula One, he won the 2010 GP2 Series championship. He became the first Venezuelan to win a Formula One Grand Prix when he won the 2012 Spanish Grand Prix for Williams, from his first and only pole position. When it comes to Maldonado's reputation, Maldonado gained a reputation over his career as somewhat wild, accident-prone and unpredictable on the circuit. He was nicknamed "Crashtor" and a website called Has Maldonado Crashed Today? was created to track his many mishaps. Out of 96 grands prix, there were 29 retirements, and he incurred 39 penalties in his colourful F1 career, that's one every 2.4 races and 12 were for causing a collision.

2014/15/16/17 Formula 1 Rules vs. 2013 Formula 1 Rules

The 2014 season brings with it the biggest revisions to the Formula One technical regulations I can remember. Here is a short list of most important changes, and how 2014 rules compare with rules in action during 2013 Formula 1 season. The new rules have presented a huge challenge for the teams and engine manufacturers. Almost every single part of the car is a new design, from the front wing right back to the diffuser. It's been a massive job to accommodate all the changes of the power unit, especially new cooling requirements of the power unit, and what is the best way to optimize it in the chassis. So, let's se it.


You may copy and use any of the content of this site provided you make a clear link on your web site or printed matter to 'Formula 1 dictionary" as the source of that information. Also, you can not use my material and articles to make any money. I'm not making any money with this site, so why would you. I endeavour to ensure that the information I publish is free of other copyrights but it is essential that you check this for yourself before using. It is never my intention to deliberately infringe the copyright of any other person or organisation. If you have any concerns then please use the "Mail me" and I will investigate and take whatever action is necessary to rectify. As a volunteer and strictly non-profit making my only concern is to preserve information for future generations.


"The principle is the simple, one man is Champion, the others aren’t" — Niki Lauda

Books to read

When we talk about legends in F1, Murray Walker is one of the few to earn the status outside of the cockpit. His passion for the sport was infectious, and never failed to make people smile. He was a master of his trade and will always be the voice of F1. God's Speed Murray and thanks for so much.
My thoughts go out to his family at this difficult time.

Terrible news about passing of Sabine Schmitz, a proper driving legend who'll be sadly missed by many. A fierce competitor, talented racer and "Queen of the Nürburgring" was an inspiration to many. She was the only woman to win the epic 24-hour at Nürburgring. She won in 1996 and then again the next year.
She suffered a longstanding illness with cancer.
She was 51. RIP Sabine.

Questions of race have made me tired since I understand what police brutality was, especially in America. I feel that what happened in the US was just a spark, that sparked everywhere ... I do think George Floyd's death sparked it across the world and I think it's amazing. Black Lives Matter is an activist movement which began as a hashtag #BlackLivesMatter after George Zimmerman was acquitted in the shooting of Trayvon Martin, an unarmed African-American teenager killed in Florida in July 2013.
Black Lives Matter is an inarguable demand for justice, equality, and reform regardless of race, skin color, or religion.

Some useful links:

- f1technical.net, a great site with a lot of technical information’s and explanations. Site is updated daily with news from F1 word.

 - autosport.com, This site is a legend. A bible for racing lovers. News from all around the word. Unfortunately, to get access to all news, interviews and to open the site completely you should be subscribed to Autosport magazine. Anyway, great read.

- JA.F1 site (or blog) ovned by ITV Sport’s lead commentator on Formula 1 James Allen

- joesaward is the Joe Saward official blog about Formula 1 world. Joe is an journalist, who write primarily about politics in and around motorsport, specifically on the FIA Formula 1 World Championship

 - planetf1, another site with many different articles, news and statistics. Biased toward British teams, but anyway good read.

 - gurneyflap.com, Great history site. You can learn a lot from this site. Pictures, cars and many many more. Great.

4ormula1 is a database of Formula 1 history and statistics of drivers, teams, grand prix, and all results since 1950.

Enjoy range of Podcasts and Articles on Motorsport. Every week a Formula one chat on Missed Apex F1 Podcast with F1 journalist Joe Saward and tech Analyst Matthew Somerfield as guests. Also the exciting all electric racing series formula E on eRadio Show and Bike Show Lean Angle Podcast.

-Racecar Engineering, an online magazine with a lot to learn from, a lot of technical information’s and explanations

 - fia.com, La Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile, representing the interests of motoring organisations and motor car users. Head organisation and ruler in auto sport.

 - wikipedia.org, I don’t believe that I have to tell you anything about this site. It’s not about Formula 1 technology, but you can learn a lot about that too.

 - carbibles.com, a great site for normal car users. Here you can find explanations of almost everything about your car and how it works. Technical reviews and explanations of some in-car gadgets.

- Daretobedifferent.org Susie Wolff and UK governing body of UK motorsport have joined forces to launch Dare To Be Different, a high-profile new initiative which is about increasing female participation, not just on the track but in all aspects of the sport.